Pagaruyung Palace is the most famous and important socio-historical object of interest in Minangkabau, West Sumatra. Locals call the palace Istano Baso, the Great Palace.
The original Pagaruyung Palace was standing on the peak of Pagaruyung’s Batu Patah hill. It was burnt to the ground during a bloody riot in 1804. The palace on the peak of the hill was the center of fourteenth century Pagarayung Kingdom. According to local myth, Pagaruyung Kingdom, also called Batu Patah Hill Kingdom, was the origin of all Minangkabau people. It was where Bundo Kanduang, one of its queens, once ruled the kingdom. She is considered as the founder of matriarchal system of Minangkabau society.